Condoleezza Rice is an American political scientist and diplomat. She served as the 66th United States Secretary of State. Rice was the first female African-American secretary of state. And she was President Bush's National Security Advisor during his first term, making her the first woman of any race to serve in that position. - @chauncia on instagram
Elizabeth "Bessie" Coleman was the first black, female pilot. And she was the first African-American to hold an international pilot license. - @chauncia on instagram
Phillis Wheatley is both the second published African-American poet and first published African-American woman. @chauncia on instagram
Misty Copeland is the third African-American soloist and the first in two decades with the American Ballet Theatre. @chauncia on instagram
Mary Eliza Mahoney was the first African-American to study and work as a professionally trained nurse in the United States. In 1908, she co-founded the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) with Adah B. Thoms. - @chauncia on instagram
Michelle Obama is an American lawyer and writer. She is the wife of the 44th and current President of the United States, Barack Obama. And, she is the first African-American First Lady of the United States. - @chauncia on instagram
Angela Davis is an American political activist, scholar, and author. She emerged as a prominent counterculture activist and radical in the 1960s. And she was actively involved in the CivilRightsMovement. - @chauncia on instagram
Zora Neale Hurston was an American folklorist, anthropologist, and author. Of Hurston's four novels and more than 50 published short stories, plays, and essays, she is best known for her 1937 novel TheirEyesWereWatchingGod. - @chauncia on instagram
Ella Fitzgerald was an American jazz vocalist. Over the course of her recording career, she sold 40 million copies of her albums and received the National Medal of Arts and the Presidential Medal of Freedom. She was the first African-American woman to win a Grammy and she earned 13 throughout her career. @chauncia on instagram
Harriet Tubman was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and (during the American Civil War) a Union spy. Born into slavery, Tubman escaped and subsequently made about thirteen missions to rescue approximately seventy enslaved people. She used the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. She later helped John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry, and in the post-war era struggled for women's suffrage. - @chauncia on instagram
Oprah Winfrey has been ranked the richest African-American of the 20th century and the greatest black philanthropist in American history. She is currently North America's only black billionaire. She is also, according to some assessments, the most influential woman in the world. In 2013, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and an honorary doctorate degree from Harvard. - @chauncia on instagram
Fanny Jackson Coppin was an African-American educator and missionary. She was born into slavery, but was able to read and study after her freedom was purchased at age 12. In 1860, she enrolled in #OberlinCollege, which was the first college in the US to accept black and female students. She graduated with a Bachelors degree in 1865. In 1869, she became the first female African-American school principal. - @chauncia on instagram
Ida B. Wells was an African-American journalist, newspaper editor, suffragist, and sociologist. She was also an early leader in the civil rights movement who documented lynching in the United States. She showed that it was often used as a way to control or punish blacks who competed with whites, rather than being based on criminal acts by blacks. She was active in women's rights and the women's suffrage movement, establishing several notable women's organizations. - @chauncia on instagram
Marian Wright Edelman is an American activist for the rights of children. She was the first African-American woman admitted to the Mississippi Bar and she has been an advocate for disadvantaged Americans her entire professional career. She is president and founder of the Children's Defense Fund.
As founder, leader and principal spokesperson for the CDF, Marian worked to persuade Congress to overhaul foster care, support adoption, improve child care and protect children who are disabled, homeless, abused or neglected. Under her leadership, CDF has become the nation’s strongest voice for children and families. In 2000, Marian received the Presidential Medal of Freedom. - @chauncia on instagram
Ella Baker was an African-American civil rights and human rights activist. She worked alongside some of the most famous civil rights leaders of the 20th century, including W. E. B. Du Bois, Thurgood Marshall, A. Philip Randolph, and Martin Luther King, Jr. She also mentored many emerging activists such as Diane Nash, Stokely Carmichael, Rosa Parks, and Bob Moses. Ella has been called, "One of the most important African American leaders of the twentieth century and perhaps the most influential woman in the Civil Rights Movement. - @chauncia on instagram
Dominique Dawes is a retired African-American artistic gymnast. She was a 10-year member of the U.S. National Gymnastics team, the 1994 U.S. All-Around Senior National Champion, a three-time Olympian, a World Championships silver medalist and a member of the gold-medal winning "Magnificent Seven" at the 1996 Summer Olympics.
Dawes is also notable for being the first African-American woman to win an individual Olympic medal in artistic gymnastics, and the first Black person of any nationality or gender to win an Olympic gold medal in gymnastics. She is also one of only three female American gymnasts to compete in three Olympics and was part of three Olympic medal-winning teams: Barcelona 1992 (bronze), Atlanta 1996 (gold), and Sydney 2000 (bronze). - @chauncia on instagram
Josephine Baker an African-American dancer, singer, and activist. She was the first black woman to star in a major motion picture and the first black woman to become a world-famous entertainer. Baker, who refused to perform for segregated audiences in America, is also noted for her contributions to the Civil Rights Movement. - @chauncia on instagram
Alice Ball was an African-American chemist who developed an injectable oil extract that was the most effective treatment of leprosy until the 1940s. She was also the first woman and first African-American to graduate from the University of Hawaii with a Master's degree. - @chauncia on instagram
Marie V. Brittan Brown was an African-American nurse and inventor. She invented the home security system and was granted a patent in 1969.
Brown's system had a set of 4 peep holes and a camera that could slide up and down to look at each one. Anything the camera picked up would appear on a monitor. Also, a resident could unlatch the door by remote control.
The system included a device that enabled a homeowner to use a television set to view the person at the door and hear the caller's voice. Brown's device made way for the modern home security system. - @chauncia on instagram
Tyra Banks is an African-American model, Emmy Award winning television personality, producer, author, actress, and entrepreneur.
Banks made history with a triple achievement in 1996. She was the first African-American woman to pose on the covers of the Sports Illustrated swimsuit issue (with model Valeria Mazza), GQ, and the Victorias Secret catalog. On February 21, 1997, she graced the cover of Sports Illustrated for the second year in a row. That time, she had a solo appearance. - @chauncia on instagram
Robin Roberts is an African-American television broadcaster. She is currently the anchor of ABC's morning show Good Morning America. Prior to co-anchoring GMA, Robin became a well known sportscaster at ESPN. She was ESPN’s first on-air black anchorwoman, the first black female host of “Wild World of Sports,” and the first woman (of any race) to host a network televised NFL pre-game show.
Robin also bravely battled cancer and shared her journey to wellness. She has received several honors including the Peabody Award and the Arthur Ashe Courage Award. - @chauncia on instagram
Patricia Bath is an African-American ophthalmologist, inventor and academic. She has broken ground in several areas. Bath was the first woman (of any color) to serve on the staff of the Jules Stein Eye Institute, to head a post-graduate training program inophthalmology, or to be elected to the honorary staff of the UCLA Medical Center.
Before Bath, no black person had served as a resident in ophthalmology at New York University and no black woman had ever served on staff as a surgeon at the UCLA Medical Center. Bath is the first African-American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Her Laserphaco Probe is used to treat cataracts. The holder of four patents, she also co-founded the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness. @chauncia on instagram
Virginia Proctor Powell Florence was an African-American scholar. She was the first Black woman in the United States to earn a degree in library science and she was the first Black woman to become a professional librarian. - @chauncia on instagram
Edna Lewis was an African-American chef and author best known for her books on traditional Southern cuisine. In the late 1940s, there were very few female chefs. And Black female chefs were even more rare. Lewis is not the first African-American female chef, but many consider her the first prominent African-American female chef. Lewis became well known and beloved for her simple, but delicious Southern cooking.
She has received many honors and awards including the Lifetime Achievement Award from the International Association of Culinary Professionals, the first James Beard Living Legend Award, and the first Lifetime Achievement Award from Southern Foodways Alliance. On September 26, 2014, the US Postal Service issued 20 million copies of the "Celebrity Chefs Forever" stamp series, featuring five chefs. Chef Lewis was among the honored. - @chauncia on instagram
Keija Minor is an African-American journalist. In 2012, she made history when she became the Editor-In-Chief of @Brides. Not only was she the first African-American female to hold that position, she became the first African-American woman to lead any of Condé Nast's 18 consumer magazines in the 103 years of the company’s existence. - @chauncia on instagram
Loretta Lynch is the current United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York. Her current tenure as U.S. Attorney began in 2010, and she previously held the position from 1999−2001. On November 8, 2014, President Barack Obama nominated her to succeed Eric Holder as Attorney General of the United States. On February 26, 2015 the Judiciary Committee of the United States Senate confirmed her appointment. She will be the first African-American woman to hold the office of Attorney General of the United States of America. - @chauncia on instagram
The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing was an act of supremacist terrorism. The tragedy occurred at the African-American 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama on Sunday, September 15, 1963. At least 15 sticks of dynamite were attached to a timing device and detonated under the steps of the church.
Described by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. as "one of the most vicious and tragic crimes ever perpetrated against humanity," the explosion injured more than 20 people and #FourLittleGirls: Addie Mae Collins (age 14), Carol Denise McNair (age 11), Carole Robertson (age 14), and Cynthia Wesley (age 14), lost their lives.
The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing marked a turning point in the United States 1960s #CivilRightsMovement and contributed to support for passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Throughout February 2015, #AvaNoelleRogers has learned that there are women who look like her that have accomplished great things. And because they have paved the way, her dreams can be realities. - @chauncia on instagram